About the Ministry

Realizing the boon ensured by planned development approach in Western and most of the South Asian countries, Nepal adopted this strategy since mid-fifties of the twentieth century. In the line of creating various institutional mechanisms for initiating and facilitating developmental activities, Department of Local Development was created under the then Home & Panchayat Ministry in 1971. It was later upgraded as the Ministry of Local Development in 1980. It underwent some so-called (only in its nomenclature) and structural changes along with the change in political- economic ambiance. Finally in 1990, it was renamed as Ministry of Local Development from the then Ministry of Panchayat and Local Development which was named in 1981. The ministry since then has been inheriting the present organization structure and assuming the role of expediting local development and decentralization.

Ministry of Local Development is one of the ministries of the government with widespread network up to grass-root level (VDCs and Municipalities). As per the main guiding policy (Geeta) of local development, Local Self Governance Act, 1999, this ministry has been placed at the apex of three tier structural framework and accredited with the role of coordination, cooperation, facilitation and monitoring and evaluation of activities undertaken by local bodies (75 District Development Committees, 191 Municipalities and 3276 Village Development Committees). Being the focal organization for local development, it has to coordinate, cooperate, facilitate and synergize the initiatives taken by different development partners. Taking the very fact that until and unless the pace of local development is accelerated, overall development of the nation is impossible, ministry has adopted participatory development approach and promoted social inclusion, capacity building of indigenous, dalit, marginalized and oppressed community at local level for ensuring sustainable, balanced  and broad-based development based on equity and social justice.